The History and Art of Ju-Jutsu – Part 1

The art of Ju-Jutsu, also called ju-jitsu, jiu-jitsu, tai-jutsu, yawara or yawara-ge, has its origins in feudal Japan and is founded on the premise that soft technique conquers hard by leveraging the opponents force and/or movements.

Ju-jutsu evolved together with other martial arts and warrior disciplines including archery and swordsmanship and consequently was a means a warrior was able to survive against an enemy armed with a weapon and full armor, even after he himself was disarmed.
About The History and Development of Jujitsu
The first established martial arts school (Ryu) that instructed primarily Ju-Jutsu techniques was established by Master Takenouchi Hisamori in 1532. Takenouchi Ryu is was a martial arts system that included various types of training, for example, armed grappling, staff, sword,  sword drawing, glaive, iron fan, restraining rope, and also resuscitation techniques.

The Takenouchi-Ryu trained in the art of seizing (Kogusoku) and even though it was distinctive from the style, the way it is instructed nowadays, it can be regarded as the starting point of the contemporary art of Ju-Jutsu.

The art of Ju-Jutsu evolved even further from the 17th century after a large number of samurai warriors were no more capable of making their living from war because Japan had started a period of lengthy social recovery, referred to as the Edo era (1603 – 1868). Swords and all other types of weapons were prohibited for everyone else except the samurai which meant that  martial arts schools that were teaching unarmed fighting skills and techniques became prevalent all through the this time period.
Chin Genpin, a priest from China who immigrated to Japan, was an essential character in the |continuing development of Ju-Jutsu. He started instruction in kicking together with striking techniques at the Kokushoji Temple in Edo, in which, together with his other students were three ronin (masterless samurai), namely Fukuno Schichiroemon , Yoshin Miura, together with Isogai. Inspired by the teachings from Chin Genpin, all three ronin started their own martial arts schools, which in turn spawned a number of other schools, further contributing to the growth and popularity of Ju-Jutsu.